Learning Style Lighting Preferences

learning style lighting preferenceWhen I was a child, my mother used to worry about my eyes because I liked to study in dim light.  As it turns out, dim lighting can make a better learning environment for many learners.  Studies have shown that 70% of learners are measurably affected by their preference for either bright or dim lighting.

How do you know your children’s preference? If they are older than about 7 years, simply ask them.  “When you are trying to work on something difficult [pick their most difficult subject], does is help you to sit in bright light, or do you want to be in the shade?”  If they are younger, watch their reactions to each environment.  If they don’t have a preference, don’t sweat it.  If they do, help them to set up a space that is dimmer or brighter depending on their preference.

I also recommend encouraging their unique learning style by giving them a small lamp or special shade or tent for their learning space.  See my online Amazon learning style store for more ideas!

What Should I Teach?

If you are like me, you love the freedom of being creative with your teaching.  You love to be able to follow your instincts and the passions of your students.  As a homeschool mom, I find even more flexibility and opportunities to tailor my children’s lessons to their individual desires and interests.  But I need a plan.  I need a compass – some sort of direction for where we are going and what needs to be covered in the long run.  As with every creative process, we need guiding boundaries to funnel our activities and direct us to our destination.

As a young professional educator, I came across a wonderful resource that is primarily marketed to formal school environments, but has served as a wonderful backbone for all of my homeschooling years.  In 1986, a group of educators from the leading school districts around the country gathered together to develop a sequence of content-rich guidelines for learning for the K-8th grades.  This guide, called The Core Knowledge Sequence, gives topics and skills to be covered in each grade level.  It serves as a skeleton to fill in with your favorite books, activities, and even many types of formal curricula.  Each grade level has recommended topics of study for American and world history, science (with scientific discoveries that fit with the time period being studied), art, music and literature selections that also correlate with the history.  The goal of the founder, E.D. Hirsch, was to help students become more culturally literate – that is, to have a basic understanding the world that forms a foundation for all other learning.

And as many of you know, most of the US states have adopted the Common Core Standards as their state educational standard.  The Core Knowledge Sequence aligns with the Common Core – meaning, if you follow the outline of Core Knowledge your students will also be meeting (and probably surpassing) the requirements of your local public school.

Core Knowledge Sequence Free DownloadSo I am offering this entire PDF version of their sequence (formally only available in hard copy for $35) for free on my site.  Just click on the image above for the K-8th Grade CK Sequence free download.  The publication above is distributed with the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/  license.  Please refer to that link for further information. They also offer many other resources and links on their website, www.coreknowledge.org.  For more curriculum tips and ideas for teaching the Core Knowledge topics with individual learning styles in mind, subscribe in the side bar to the left and check back on future posts!


Free Christmas Music for Learners Who Need Background Sound

 Free Christmas music Background music

 Background noise is important for a large percentage of learners.

  Do you or your child have a learning style preference for “background noise”? Why not treat your special student (or yourself) to some free holiday music to listen to while studying?





Here are a few ideas for free downloads to get into the Christmas spirit:


Essential Christmas DownloadsCheck out some free Christmas music downloads at Mommysavers.com!


 Frugal Girls!

Or try TheFrugalGirls.com for some of those great free mp3 Christmas music downloads.


Or our favorite…

Trans Siberian OrchestraFor the best results for your student’s concentration level, purchase & download a few upbeat & instrumental Christmas tunes at Amazon.com and support our site at no further cost to you!

We recommend the Trans-Siberian Orchestra!


How to Teach Global Learners

teaching right brained learners

A global learning style preference has to do with the way a student processes information.  Global learners need a main idea or whole picture about the subject before they can process the details and related information.  However, educators are often trained to teach in an analytical way; that is, giving facts step-by-step and leading the students to a final theory or conclusion.  As you might guess, this is more common in the subject areas of math and science.  But no matter what the subject, there are some easy ways to teach globals.


  • Start by telling the main idea and goal of the lesson
  • Share stories or personal anecdotes that relate to the topic
  • Use humor
  • Show lots of visual images, diagrams, and graphs

3 examples of how to teach globally with the “more analytic” subjects:

teaching math to global learners

Math – The Pythagoream Theorem (Middle grades and up)

Teaching the Pythagorean theorem (the relation of the sides of a triangle to the hypotenuse), would be done analytically if the instructor started by drawing a right triangle and labeling the sides and hypotenuse as “a”, “b”, & “c”.  He would then write out the formula “a² + b² = c²” and plug in the values of side lengths to show how one can find the length of the hypotenuse. BUT, if he were to teach the same concept globally, he would start out with a statement that overviews what they will be learning.  He would even possibly add a little humor.  Perhaps he could show an humorous image like a cute monster with a right triangle in his hand. Or a he could tell a triangle joke; “Why does a triangle only have three sides? Because the 4th side was a square!”  Or he could simply introduce the topic with picture of a triangle and an overview of what they will learn.  He could point to the triangle and say, “Today we are going to look at a right triangle to find out how the lengths of the sides are all related.  You can use the side lengths of the triangle to find out the length of the hypotenuse.”  Then he could easily go into a step-by-step explanation like the one mentioned earlier, but by this time the global students will have a big picture or “globe” to put the steps into.


Science – Introduction to the Periodic Table (Elementary age)

image of mendeleev
Start with the story of how the Periodic Table was created.  Download an image of Mendeleev like the one here, show them it as you say something like this:


“Years ago scientists knew that there were different elements, but they didn’t know how they related to each other.  Have you ever tried to put together a big puzzle? [Allow for responses.] Would it be harder to put it together if you were missing some of the pieces?  And what if you didn’t even have the picture on the box to look at?”


“That is kind of what it was like for scientists to figure out how to understand the elements.  Then a Russian scientist named Dmitri Mendeleev, discovered similar patterns in the elements by looking at their characteristics.  He sorted them out into a chart by looking at things like whether or not they were metallic, how reactive they were, the color of the flames they produced when burnt, and many other characteristics.  He placed them in rows and columns that made up the beginnings of what we call The Periodic Table.” ¹Then show them the Periodic Table and go from there with your lesson.
periodic table of elements


Math – Learning the Facts (Elementary ages)

When my oldest daughter was trying to memorize her math facts, we used flashcards.  That worked well for most of the facts, but there were a few lingering facts that just wouldn’t stick.  And let me say that this girl was all about language arts and history and not so thrilled with math, which is very typical for globals.  So out of a final attempt to teach her these facts I created a storyline for “6 X 8” and “8 X 7”.  “6 X 8” were always offended when Jaime didn’t recognize them.  They were hurt that she didn’t know that they made 48.  They would sigh and huff about having to go back into the flashcard stack.  They talked about how they were nice and round and should be the most important fact in the whole pile.  I made up another story for 8 X 7.  Once Jaime started laughing and identifying a story behind the facts, she immediately memorized them!

I found an image of a flashcard (below) with something similar on a site³ that talks about teaching math to global learners.  (They call them “right brain” or “visual” learners.)

teaching math to global learners

We also recommend the LeapFrog videos that put stories to letters and numbers.

video for learning to read

What if I don’t know whether or not my child is a global learner?

A fairly recent study² with seventh-grade mathematics students proved the validity of teaching globally to groups.  They took a math textbook and rewrote every other chapter in a global format.  They added images, humor and an over-arching main idea to the beginning of every other chapter.  Students who had a global processing style scored significantly higher on the chapters that were “globally written” as compared with the regular analytic instruction.  And one would assume that, inversely, the analytic processors would have scored higher on the analytic chapters than the ones rewritten for globals.  However, they found that the analytic learners’ scores remained the same for both types of instruction. Therefore:


Dunn & Dunn recommend that when the processing style is unknown or when teaching a mixed group of students, one should always teach globally.


And it’s so simple to do!  Just remember to…
  • Start by telling the main idea and goal of the lesson
  • Share stories or personal anecdotes that relate to the topic
  • Use humor
  • Show lots of visual images, diagrams, and graphs*

 References and recommended products:

¹ Teacher script idea from the book, Fizz, Bubble & Splash: Element Explorations & Atom Adventures, by Anita Brandolini, PhD.  (We offer it as an affiliate of Amazon which compensates us at no further cost to you.)


² Orazio, P. (1999). Effect of matching and mismatching learning style global and traditional analytic instructional resources on the achievement and attitudes of seventh‐grade mathematics students (Doctoral dissertation, St. John’s University, 1999). Dissertation Abstracts International, 59(12), 4386A.



For a learning styles test for your children, go to our site, www.learningstylesforkids.com and take our test today!


Also visit and follow us on Pinterest for more ideas on teaching with learning styles!

Kinesthetic Learners: Movers & Shakers!

kinesthetic mobile learnersWill you ever get such a child to sit still and “pay attention”?!! And herein lies the discrepancy; when a kinesthetic learner is sitting still he or she is often struggling to “pay attention” because of the “sitting still”. Unfortunately, kinesthetic learners are more often labeled as having ADHD, more prone to misbehave in a formal classroom setting, and more at risk for falling behind academically. But consider this: the majority of population of the world has only been learning in a formal classroom setting for a relatively short period of time. Up until recently, kinesthetic learning was the main mode of acquiring life skills.

The kinesthetic mode is a natural and valid way to learn and is even the first preference for a large percentage of highly intelligent adults.

So how does one teach kinesthetic learners?

An important thing to remember is that they do not have to learn in this mode all of the time. Everyone has secondary learning preferences, and while some main preferences are stronger than others, each person can learn through other means than their main modality. We encourage teachers and parents to find these students’ secondary preference (auditory, visual, tactual or verbal kinesthetic) and when the student cannot move around she can at least be taught with that secondary preference in mind.

That being said, a kinesthetic learner is at his highest level of concentration when moving the large muscles. To accommodate this requires creativity on the teacher’s part. If the student can walk, jump, or throw something while concentrating he will absorb more. If his secondary perceptual preference is auditory, we recommend putting information and instruction on a listening device and allowing the student to walk while listening. Or, if her secondary preference is visual, a set of index cards with pictures and learning instructions can be carried around while moving. We also highly recommend an inflated disc, sold in our learning styles resource store on which your student may sit when having to be stationary while concentrating.

Kinesthetic learners will have a natural tendency to move around, bounce their legs, swing their arms, etc…

Now that you know that your student needs to move while concentrating, you will hopefully encourage any of these activities when they are studying the most difficult concepts.

When something is difficult, there are some great ways to help the kinesthetic learner.

  • Offer a ball to bounce or throw against a wall or into a basket.
  • Let him think while playing with a yo-yo.
  • Allow her to pace or jump rope while learning.
  • Let him study on a stationary bicycle if available.
  • Let her sit on a bouncy disc like the one mentioned above.

Give your kinesthetic learner any opportunity you can find for them to move while concentrating and you’ll be surprised at the results!

Here are some great learning tools recommendations:


Leap TV by Leap Frog

3 Proven Strategies to Teach Low-conforming Learners

stubborn non-conforming learners

We’ve seen this look.
Have you?

Oftentimes low-conforming learners are mistaken for rebellious or “difficult-to-teach” students. They need to have a decision in the learning process and this can make things difficult for a student who must follow a set schedule and learn in a structured environment. However, it is easy to teach low-conforming learners if the teacher or parent follows three tips:

1. Relate to the student in a collegial manner. Speak to and relate to this student as person who is on the same level. Give them respect as you work with them.

2. Give the student choices in how to meet the objective. It will greatly help the student if the teacher can offer them the opportunity to choose the subject they will be studying. However, for many learning situations, this is not an option.  But can you offer them a choice in the order of assignments?  For example, can you let them choose which subject to learn first or even which problem to start on first?  (I’ve allowed my own students to start from the last math problem and work backwards if it helps them!) When a low-conformer has choice in learning, his/her mind becomes more alert and efficient.

3. Give the student good reasons for completing the assignment or allow the student to come up with a good rationale him/herself. Help him identify his own personal goals and how this assignment fits into the process of achieving them.

Low-conforming students are wired to lead and will perform much better when given the opportunity to learn in these ways.

Do you have a low-conformer?  Tell us about him or her in a comment!  What does he do that makes you feel that he is low-conforming?  What strategies work for him?


What’s your learning style? Take our test!

Learning Styles InventoryLearning Styles for Kids

“A learning style is the way in which an individual begins to concentrate on, process, absorb and retain new and difficult information.” -Drs. Rita Dunn & Kenneth Dunn.

Based on the The Dunn & Dunn Model of Learning Style, there are 21 different factors that affect your ability to concentrate and learn. Knowing your individual learning style can be the difference between good grades or poor grades, excited learning or frustration, reaching potential or falling short.

To assess your individual learning style I recommend our 15 minute learning styles test  on our sister site, www.learningstylesforkids.com, offered for kids, teens & adults.

After you take this test, come back and comment by telling us a few of your learning preferences!